Pesticide Analysis

Sia Analysis Laboratories

Residue Analysis Laboratory

LABORATORIES

Residue Analysis Laboratory

A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to prevent, control or reduce harmful organisms. A pesticide can be a chemical agent, a biological agent such as a virus or bacteria, an antimicrobial, a disinfectant or any other tool. Harmful organisms can be insects, plant pathogens, weeds, mollusks, birds, mammals, fish, worms and microbes that damage human food resources, property, disease-spreading insects. Although there are some benefits to using pesticides, it can also create some problems due to their potential toxicity to humans and other animals.

What Are the Negative Effects of Pesticides on Animals and Humans?

A pesticide can be a chemical agent or a biological agent such as a virus or bacteria. Since most chemical pesticides do not show selective activity for the target organism, they can cause various diseases and even be fatal in organisms other than the target organism. Many pesticides are also harmful to humans. As a result of the use of the living things they are used in by humans in the form of food, they cause common diseases and unwanted distress in humans. Chemical pesticides and their active ingredients have acute toxic effects. Many pesticides, including carbamates, organophosphates and chlorinated hydrocarbons, have a genetoxic effect. In studies conducted on people engaged in agriculture and exposed to pesticides, structural and numerical chromosome anomalies and increase in sister chromatid exchange were observed in these individuals.

Agricultural workers exposed to chronic effects of pesticides have seen liver, kidney and muscle disorders as well as many genetic damage. The effect of pesticide on living things starts from fetal life. These drugs pass from the placenta to the fetus and as a result, miscarriages, hyperpigmented and hyperkeratatic childbirths are seen. In animal experiments, it was observed that the pesticide labeled as radioactive and given to the mother passed from the placenta to the fetus after 5 hours and settled in the eye, nervous system and liver of the fetus.

Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides threaten living life by showing their effects directly on the peripheral and central nervous system.

Many pesticides harm people, animals and the environment. The first studies on this were demonstrated in the early 70’s, during the process of preparing the UNEP Stockholm Human Environment Convention. Thirty years later, the US, Australia, Canada, Japan and New Zealand bowed to international pressure and decided to draft a global agreement.

Within the scope of these studies, many chemical products, which are called POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants), which are also widely used in agriculture, have been banned, except for some special cases, and the production of new chemicals with POPs characteristics is prohibited. Under this agreement; Aldrin, endrin, toxafen, chlordan, dieldrin, heptacol, myrex, DDT and industrial chemicals hexachlorobenzene and PCBs were banned and their stocks were monitored. Too et al in Turkey. These chemicals were found in a certain proportion of breast milk in many studies conducted by. Organic chlorinated pesticides, which are persistent organic pollutants, are described by Cafer Turgut et al. and remote transport was detected in the Taurus Mountains.

Pesticides also have negative effects on blood cells. Organophosphorus insecticides prevent the erythrocyte function by changing the membrane properties of erythrocytes (red blood cells). Some other pesticides cause the deformation of the size and surface shapes of erythrocytes and change the activities of the erythrocyte antioxidant system enzymes. One of the most important effects of pesticides is that they inhibit the acetylcholinesterase enzyme. In this case, it goes to live death with the suppression of respiratory control centers in the lower brain stem. Again, in a study conducted in pesticides, it was found that pesticides cause inhibition of TCA enzymes (malate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase).

Sia Analysis Laboratories

Residue Analysis Laboratory

Pesticide Analysis services we provide in Sia Analysis Residue Analysis Laboratory …

FOOD
product groups product categories Unique representative products in the category
1. High water content products Pome fruit Apple pear
Drupe Apricot, cherry, peach,
Other fruits Banana
Allium Onion, leek
Fruiting plants / cucurbits Tomato, pepper, cucumber, melon
Brassica vegetables Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli
Leafy vegetables and fresh herbs Lettuce, spinach, basil
Vegetable roots and stems Celery, asparagus
Fresh legumes Shelled fresh peas, peas, sunflower beans, broad beans, string beans, French beans
Fresh Mushrooms Champion mushroom, cock mushroom
Root and tuberous vegetables Sugar beet and fodder beet roots, carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes
2. High acidity and high water
content products
Citrus Lemon, mandarin, tangerine, orange
Small fruits and small berries Strawberry, blueberry, raspberry, black currant, red currant, white currant, grape
3. High sugar and low water content products Honey, dried fruits Honey, raisins, dried apricots, prunes, fruit jams
4a. High fat and very low water
content products
Tree nuts Walnuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts
Oily seeds Oilseed rape, sunflower, cotton seed, soybean, peanut, sesame etc.
Mash of tree nuts and seeds Peanut butter, tahini, nut butter
4b. High fat and moderate
water-containing products
Oily fruits and products Olives, avocados and spreads made from them
5. High starch and / or protein and low water and fat content products Dry legumes / legumes Broad beans, broad beans, dried beans (yellow, white, dark blue, brown, variegated), lentils
Cereals and products derived from them Wheat, rye, barley and oat grains; millet, rice, whole wheat bread, white bread, crackers, breakfast cereals, pasta
6. Difficult or original products Hops, Cocoa beans and derived from them
products, coffee, tea, spices
7.Meat (muscle) and Aquaculture Red meat Cattle, pig, lamb, game, horse
White meat Chicken, duck, turkey
Offal Liver, kidney
The fish Cod, haddock, salmon, trout
8.Milk and dairy products Milk Cow, goat and buffalo milk
Cheese Cow and goat cheese
Dairy products Yogurt and cream
9. Egg Egg Chicken, duck, quail, and goose eggs
10. Animal origin
fats from food
Fat from meat Kidney oil, lard
Milk fat Butter
FORAGE
product groups product categories Unique representative products in the category
1. High water content products Forage crops
Brassica vegetables
Of root and tuber vegetables
petals
Root and tubers
Sila
Grass, clover, rape,
Kale / Cabbage
Sugar beet leaves and beet head
Sugar beet and fodder beet roots, carrots,
potato
Corn, clover, grass
By-products and food waste (apple pulp, tomato
pulp, potato peels, flakes and pulp, sugar
beet pulp, molasses) 1
2. High acidity and high water
content products
By-products and food waste (Citrus pulp
as)
3.High fat / shortening and
low water content products
Oil seeds, oil fruits,
products derived therefrom, and
byproducts
Vegetable and animal origin
solid fat / oil
Cotton seed, flaxseed, rapeseed,
sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, seeds, soybean
beans
Palm oil, rapeseed oil, soybean oil, fish oil, oil
acid distillate
High fat compound feed
4. Medium fat and low water content
products
Oilseed Meal Olive, rapeseed, sunflower, cotton seed, soybean
pulp
5.High starch and / or
protein and low water and fat
content products
Cereal grains and their products,
by-products and food waste
Legume seeds
By-products and food waste
Barley, oats, corn, rice, rye, husked
wheat, triticale and wheat grains, flakes,
middlings, scab and dandruff
Bread, beer and liquor pulp
Grain-based composite feed
Dry beans, chickpeas, lentils
Seed pods
6. “Difficult or original products Handle
Straw
Barley, oats, corn, rice, rye and wheat straw
Weed
By-products and food waste (Potato protein and
such as fatty acid distillate
7.Meat and Aquaculture Animal-based composite
baits
Fish meal